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TitleTrauma surgery during the military revolution: the career of Richard Wiseman
AuthorsSimpson DA
TypeJournal Article
AbstractRichard Wiseman (1620–1676) is arguably the first great English surgeon. He stands out from his contemporaries as a racy yet erudite writer, whose surgical thinking was based on an astonishing range of clinical experience, especially in trauma. The Cowlishaw Collection contains two fine folios of his chief work Severall Chirurgicall Treatises. One of these is the first edition, appearing in 1676, the year of Wiseman’s death, and the other is a later edition published in 1696 under the title Eight Chirurgical Treatises. Wiseman illustrates the surgical tech- niques of his time by more than 600 brief and vivid case reports, and from these one learns much about the organization of 17th century surgical services in peace and in war. Wiseman gained much of his experience in the armies of Charles I in the years 1644 1646 and Charles II in the Dunbar and Worcester cam- paigns (1650–1651), and in the Spanish fleet (?1654–?1657). He thus experienced war in the latter part of the century in which the so-called Military Revolution took place: the process in which advances in firepower precipitated radical changes in the scale, technology and professionalism of war. Military and naval surgical services evolved rapidly during this period, and recent research has shown that the Spanish monarchy preceded other European powers in these developments.
Journal TitleAustralian and New Zealand journal of surgery
Journal Volume (Issue)69(4)
Page Range291-296
Page Count6
Notesavailable from CASR library on request

Simpson DA (1999). Trauma surgery during the military revolution: the career of Richard Wiseman. Australian and New Zealand journal of surgery, 69(4), 291-296.