CASR The University of Adelaide Australia

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Further Information Contact:

Centre for Automotive Safety Research

Telephone: +61 8 8313 5997
Facsimile: +61 8 8232 4995

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Current Research

CASR is currently involved in important research projects in all areas of the Safe System. Details of selected projects are given below:

What can work health and safety learn from road safety?

Work health and safety (WHS) and road safety are distinctive perspectives of public health but they share much in common. Both talk of incidents rather than accidents. Both are characterised by proactive rather than reactive responses. Both suffer from a tendency to normalise levels of risk and to prefer training of individuals over system-wide, integrated approaches. As well, compliance and enforcement are important in both WHS and road safety, and their hierarchies of control share many commonalities. A literature review and a series of workplace interviews identified where various aspects of WHS policy and practice could be reviewed in relation to the road safety experience, particularly in relation to how compliance and enforcement approaches work best, the use of rewards and incentives, making fuller use of violation data, establishing chains of responsibility, and looking beyond regulatory solutions. WHS data collection and analysis approaches could be reviewed with respect to optimising use of auditing programs and considering employing non-traditional WHS performance indicators.

For more information please contact
Trevor Bailey

Alcohol ignition interlock schemes: best practice review

Alcohol ignition interlock schemes (AISs) for drink drive offenders can be mandatory or voluntary in nature, although many include both approaches. Outcome evaluations of AISs show that they effectively reduce or eliminate drink drive offending only for as long as an interlock is installed, as once an interlock is removed risks of re-offending tend to return. Achieving a critical mass of interlock use among drivers will increasingly develop a sense of normality about interlocks, with benefits in reducing recidivism among drink drivers as well as contributing to reduced alcohol offences and crashes among drivers generally. Increased use of interlocks can come from greater use among non-offender driver groups such as occupational drivers, inclusion of first offenders as well as repeat offenders in AISs and technological advances in interlock design relating to ease of use and tampering prevention. Other critical operational factors relevant to AIS effectiveness include: the timing of an offender's admission to an AIS, the degree and nature of participant monitoring while on the AIS, the type of any adjunct education, treatment or other support programs, availability of user cost subsidies, how often participants drive illegally while subject to AIS requirements, and AIS interoperability between jurisdictions. Based on AIS evaluation findings, together with relevant theoretical and experiential perspectives, a substantial list of best practice components characteristic of effective AISs has been derived. This list can be used to gauge the potential effectiveness of and identify possible areas for improvement in existing AISs.

For more information please contact
Trevor Bailey

Picture of a alcohol and keys